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Tuesday, 6 September 2016

Scrub Typhus in Nepal

Posted by Anup Baral September 06, 2016 :
Scrub typhus or bush typhus is a form of typhus caused by the intracellular parasite Orientia tsutsugamushi, a Gram-negative α-proteobacterium of family Rickettsiaceae first isolated and identified in 1930 in Japan. In Nepal preliminary report on Scrub Typhus, which has been growing as an epidemic in various part of the country, has indicated that the disease is being caused by rats. Eight people have succumbed to this disease, according to government records. Scrub typhus is an acute, febrile, infectious illness that is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. Rats have been cited as the main cause for the disease in a report submitted to Epidemiology and Disease Control Department by World Health Organisation (WHO) entomologists. “The growth of disease has been suspected due to the direct human contact with rats that have come out after many houses collapsed during the April 25 earthquake,” said Department Director Dr Baburam Marasini.

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